The most common skin problem seen by skin care professionals is acne. At any given time, seventeen (17) million Americans suffer from it. Acne is especially common in the teenage years, when eighty (80) to ninety (90) percent of teens have at least one acne lesion. It can be considered the most debilitating during the teenage years as it affects individuals so much that their future incomes, relationships, emotional health and ability to navigate successfully through life suffers. Some people never recover from having acne. Although the facial lesions may have disappeared long ago, they may still be seen on the face in the mirror.
For both males and females, acne is caused by too many androgen hormones. Acne tends to be more severe in men as they have more androgens overall, peaking during their teenage years along with the androgen spike during puberty. Hormonal changes in women are more complex and women may develop acne as teens, as a cyclic occurrence with menses, with use of birth control medicines or during the time around menopause. Comedones result when pilosebaceous units (hair follicle and sebaceous gland) become plugged with excess sebum and may consist of whiteheads and blackheads, more severe papules, pustules or cystic lesions.
Most treatments target the secondary effects of increasing androgen levels and include supporting the normal desquamation process, controlling sebum production, limiting inflammation and preventing or treating bacterial overgrowth.
A complete iS CLINICAL regimen for healthy skin – CLEANSE, TREAT, HYDRATE, PROTECT – is also perfect for treating acne and includes products that best address the above processes. For best results, this at home routine can also be supported with in office aesthetic treatments from your skin care professional.